Disaster Risk Reduction Technical Paper Excerpt
Trends in disaster impacts – lower mortality, but higher cost
Over the past decades, number of disaster events across the world have devastated many communities. According to the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), over 600,000 people died, 4.1 billion people were injured, or became homeless and needed emergency assistance over the last two decades due to natural disasters.
A recent trend is observed that the substantial investments in economy and social infrastructure, are increasingly damaged by disasters. CRED, in its 2017 annual disaster statistical review, highlighted that there were fewer natural disasters, deaths, and total people affected in 2017, however with the higher economic losses - almost 50% increase, compared to the previous decade (2007-2016). Rapid urbanization, increasing extreme climatic events, and poor risk-sensitive infrastructure development will further increase the fiscal cost of disaster losses.
International Day for Disaster Reduction - 2018
International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR), celebrated on 13 October every year reminds us the need for greater awareness for emerging multiple disaster risks in every part of the world.
The 2015-2030 Sendai Framework has set seven global targets and four priorities for actions. The four priority actions include: understanding disaster risk, strengthening disaster risk governance, investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience, and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response.
The recent earthquake and subsequent Tsunami in Sulawesi, Indonesia reminded the world again the need for innovative new technologies for effective early warning systems and quicker response strategies.
The resilience to disasters needs to be built-in within the social systems and processes, not only making disaster and climate risk-sensitive development projects, but also in the disaster response work.
Field Ready’s work and investment in Disaster Preparedness/Risk Reduction
Field Ready is pioneering new ways to help people vulnerable to emerging disaster risks and people affected by disasters. In the humanitarian sector Field Ready provides innovative solutions to complex problems by designing and making using local tools and means.
When a disaster strikes, the right tools and equipment can make the difference between life and death. A lot can be done by reducing risks prior to a disaster. However, the results are often unpredictable due to a lack of preparedness in the of face disaster situations.
One of the key factors that reduces the effectiveness of disaster response is slow and expensive humanitarian supply chains. For example, locally made tools and equipment for search and rescue operations not only increase the effectiveness of the aid, but also help improve community resilience through disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities. Alternative and more innovative means of providing search, rescue and preparedness are vital to save lives in the first place.
Using locally available technology and an approach that enables local capacity not only provides means to significantly reduce costs, but also an increased ability to save lives. This approach will increase resilience to future disasters by enabling more people to respond to crisis and to fill gaps in the supply chain in the early stages of a response.